Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and can cause serious complications such as liver cirrhosis and liver failure. In some cases, it can also lead to liver cancer. The hepatitis B virus is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids, such as blood or semen, and can be prevented through vaccination.
Symptoms of hepatitis B may include fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice, but many people with the virus may not experience any symptoms at all. It is important to get tested for hepatitis B if you think you may be at risk, as early detection and treatment can help prevent serious complications, including the development of liver cancer.
If you have been diagnosed with hepatitis B and are experiencing serious liver damage, a liver transplant may be necessary. In this case, you will likely be referred to a liver transplant specialist and a liver transplant hospital for further evaluation and treatment. The process of a liver transplant involves a complex surgery, known as a liver transplant operation, in which a healthy liver is transplanted into the body to replace the damaged one.
To prevent hepatitis B and protect your liver health, it is important to get vaccinated against the virus, practice safe sex, and avoid sharing needles or other injection equipment. You should also avoid exposing yourself to potentially contaminated blood or body fluids, and take precautions if you work in a healthcare or other high-risk setting. If you have questions about hepatitis B or liver transplantation, please see a liver expert or liver transplant specialist.